The Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) provides monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) policy and services to its members. This is to build national capacity and regional solidarity so that the Pacific Island states can effectively control fishing in the region, including illegal, unreported and unknown (IUU) fishing.
The FFA’s support includes:
- the operation of the FFA Regional Fisheries Surveillance Centre
- coordination of regional surveillance operations
- technical expertise
- information sharing and projects to do with monitoring activities
- regional surveillance operations
- FFA Observer Program
- FFA Vessel Monitoring System
- FFA licence information list
- staff training and support.
FFA is also engaged in developing national capacity to carry out MCS analysis.
The Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCFPC) sets rules for managing fishing on the high seas, and for combatting problems such as unregulated fishing, too many fleets in operation, and bycatch. It authorises, monitors, and keeps records of the following systems and schemes, which are described in conservation and management measures (CMMs):
- WCPFC Compliance Monitoring Scheme (CMM 2015-07)
- fishing vessels and authorisation to fish (CMM 2013-10)
- WCPFC Vessel Monitoring System (CMM 2014-02)
- record of fishing vessels (CMM 2014-03).
Records of meetings, proceedings, reports of the Technical and Compliance Committee are on the WCPFC website.
The Oceanic Fisheries Programme (OFP) of the Pacific Community (SPC) is the regional centre for research on tuna fisheries, fishery monitoring, assessments of tuna numbers and health, and data management. This information helps the Pacific Island states to carry out compliance operations.
OFP also aims to build regional and national capacity in the monitoring, control and surveillance of regional tuna fisheries, with the aim of eliminating illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing.