Fisheries in the economies of Pacific Islands countries and territories, by Robert Gillett, for SPC, 2016. This study outlines where each of the 22 Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) is in the development of its fisheries. It also assesses how much the fisheries contribute to gross domestic product (GDP). The study helps to fill a growing demand for up-to-date information. The previous edition of this title was released in 2009.
The chapters of the study cover the following:
- Main features of production from coastal and offshore fisheries
- Aquaculture in the region
- Changes in production in the fisheries and aquaculture 2007–2014
- Some issues in measuring production
- Household income and spending
- Contribution of fishing to GDP
- Improving the estimates of the contribution of fishing to GDP
- Exports of fishery products
- Access fees for foreign fishing
- Employment related to fisheries
- Fish consumption
The most important findings showed that:
- Coastal fisheries production has not increased greatly in the 15 years 1999–2014.
- But the population of the region is increasing, which means that the amount of fish that people produce from the coastal fisheries is decreasing – by about 6% in from 2007 to 2014. This is a dramatic decline.
- Foreign-based offshore fishing continues to increase. This is mostly due to increased purse-seine catches.
- Purse-seine fishing increased despite the introduction of the PNA Vessel Day Scheme and a steep increase in access fees. This shows how effective the scheme is.
Some surprising facts to emerge from the study
- The 2014 tuna catch in Kiribati was 40.7% of the regional total, and was valued at about US$1 billion.
- 52.7% of all employment in the region that is directly related to the tuna industry is in Papua New Guinea.
- In 2014, the volume of production from the coastal commercial fisheries of Samoa was almost equivalent to that of PNG. The production from the same kinds of fisheries in Fiji was almost twice as high as in PNG, even though PNG’s population is almost nine times greater than Fiji’s.
- 93% of the value of aquaculture in the region is from French Polynesia and New Caledonia.
- Aquaculture is a significant commercial activity in only six PICTs – and all are territories except for Cook Islands.
- 47% of the fishery exports of the PICTs comes from American Samoa. Of the remaining 53%, nearly half of it (41%) comes from PNG.
- The total value of fishery exports from the region fell by about 42% in real terms from 2007 to 2014. The fall in the value of canned tuna exported from American Samoa accounted for 37% of the decline.
- In the period 2007–2014, when the PNA Vessel Day Scheme was introduced and became established, fees from foreign fishing increased 279%.
- In 2014, four countries in the region received fees that amounted to more than US$1,000 per person.
- fisheries management
- economic analysis and bioeconomic modelling of fisheries
- policy development, investment appraisal, and international commerce
- international fisheries negotiations.
FFA delivers training after formal requests from members, and when recommendations are made through the Forum Fisheries Committee. When a need is identified, FFA considers how to meet that need with its limited resources and the expertise that is available.
The Pacific Community’s Oceanic Fisheries Programme (OFP) provides its members with scientific services relating to the management of oceanic fisheries, primarily of tuna.
Country visits to report on economic value of fishing
SPC uses its data and conducts visits to countries to produce specific reports on the economic value of their fishing catch. Once a Pacific Island country has this information, it is in a stronger position to negotiate a better deal with foreign fleets. SPC researcher Steven Hare explains (57 secs).
Bioeconomic tool helps countries plan their fishing efforts
SPC and FFA have developed a tool that combines biological and economic knowledge into a “bioeconomic” tool. It helps countries decide the level of fishing effort they will set, depending on their economic and sustainability goals. SPC’s Steven Hare explains that the tool was developed to meet the needs of the Pacific Island states (3.00 minutes).