Fisheries in the economies of Pacific Islands countries and territories, by Robert Gillett, for SPC, 2016
This study outlines where each of the 22 Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) is in the development of their fisheries. It also assesses how much the fisheries contribute to gross domestic product (GDP). The study helps to fill a growing demand for up-to-date information. The previous edition of this title was released in 2009.
The chapters of the study cover the following:
- Main features of production from coastal and offshore fisheries
- Aquaculture in the region
- Changes in production in the fisheries and aquaculture 2007–2014
- Some issues in measuring production
- Household income and spending
- Contribution of fishing to GDP
- Improving the estimates of the contribution of fishing to GDP
- Exports of fishery products
- Access fees for foreign fishing
- Employment related to fisheries
- Fish consumption
The most important findings showed that:
- Coastal fisheries production has not increased greatly in the 15 years 1999–2014
- But the population of the region is increasing, which means that the amount of fish that people produce from the coastal fisheries is decreasing—by about 6% in from 2007 to 2014. This is a dramatic decline.
- Foreign-based offshore fishing continues to increase. This is mostly due to increased purse-seine catches.
- Purse-seine fishing increased despite the introduction of the PNA Vessel Day Scheme and a steep increase in access fees. This shows how effective the Vessel Day Scheme is.
- fisheries management
- economic analysis and bioeconomic modelling of fisheries
- policy development, investment appraisal, and international commerce
- international fisheries negotiations.
FFA delivers training after formal requests from members, and when recommendations are made through the Forum Fisheries Committee. When a need is identified, FFA considers how to meet that need with its limited resources and the expertise that is available.
- The Pacific Community’s Oceanic Fisheries Programme (OFP) provides its members with scientific services relating to the management of oceanic fisheries, primarily of tuna.
Country visits to report on economic value of fishing
SPC uses its data and conducts visits to countries to produce specific reports on the economic value of their fishing catch. Once a Pacific Island country has this information, it is in a stronger position to negotiate a better deal with foreign fleets. SPC researcher Steven Hare explains (57 secs).
Bioeconomic tool helps countries plan their fishing efforts
SPC and FFA have developed a tool that combines biological and economic knowledge into a “bioeconomic” tool. It helps countries decide the level of fishing effort they will set, depending on their economic and sustainability goals. SPC’s Steven Hare explains that the tool was developed to meet the needs of the Pacific Island states (3.00 minutes).