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CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES (CMMS), AND RESOLUTIONS

Conservation and Management Measures (CMMs) describe binding decisions agreed on by the members (including all 14 SIDS) and cooperating non-members of the Western & Central Pacific Fisheries Commission at their annual meetings.The latest updates to CMMs are maintained by WCPFC.

Resolutions describe non-binding statements and recommendations agreed on by members and cooperating non-members of the WCPFC. Updates to Resolutions are maintained by WCPFC.

One resolution and one CMM promote the SIDS’ policies and rules aimed at capturing employment and revenue benefits from oceanic fishing operations.

Resolution

WCPFC reference
Brief summary of main measures
  • CMMs should improve the ability of SIDS to develop their own fisheries, including the high seas within the convention area.
  • Developed members shall make efforts to reduce or restructure their fleets to accommodate the aspirations of SIDS.
  • Developed members shall cooperate in investing in fishing vessels and related facilities in SIDS that assist the onshore development of domestic fisheries.
  • CMMs commit to ensuring that SIDS’ domestic fishing and related industries account for a greater share of the benefit from the catch and value of oceanic fisheries by 2018, compared to 2008.
  • Adoption of CMMs needs to ensure that SIDS do not carry a disproportionate burden of conservation actions, and that measures improve the ability of SIDS to develop their own fisheries.
  • Developed members will ensure that any CMMs do not constrain SIDS’ coastal processing and transhipment facilities, or associated vessels.

CMM

WCPFC reference
Brief summary of main measures
  • Provide institutional support to develop the fisheries capacity of citizens from SIDS within the convention area. This could be through internships, academic study and training programs.
  • Promote the development and transfer of fisheries science and technology to SIDS for their economic and social benefits. This includes the capacity to explore, exploit, conserve and manage oceanic fish stocks.
  • Assist SIDS in implementing fisheries conservation and management obligations by collecting, reporting, verifying, and exchanging fisheries data and information.
  • Improve SIDS monitoring, control and surveillance activities (including at sea). Methods include appropriate regional, sub-regional and bilateral arrangements, funding observer programs, and access to technology and equipment.
  • Support SIDS fisheries industries to help them achieve maximum benefits from developing their fisheries resources, which should account for at least 50% of the total catch and value of oceanic fisheries and increase local employment opportunities.
  • Support market access for SIDS fisheries industries by promoting awareness of import conditions, eliminating trade barriers, and promoting activities that develop domestic fisheries-related businesses.

Economics is more of a consideration than subsistence fishing, for foreign countries. Photo credit: Francisco Blaha