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Conservation and management measures (CMMs) and resolutions

Conservation and management measures (CMMs) describe binding decisions agreed on by the members and cooperating non-members of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission at their annual meeting. These two groups and a third, participating territories, are known collectively as CCMs. Among the members are the 14 small island developing states (SIDS) of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean.

CMMs direct the SIDS’ and other members’ policies and rules for managing tuna fisheries, including sustaining fish stocks.

Resolutions describe non-binding statements and recommendations agreed on by members and cooperating non-members of the WCPFC.

WCPFC maintains updates to the CMMs and resolutions.

One CMM and one resolution promote the SIDS’ policies and rules for managing tuna fisheries, including ways of capturing employment and revenue benefits from oceanic fishing.

CMM

WCPFC reference
Brief summary of main measures
  • Provide institutional support to develop the capacity of citizens of SIDS in any fisheries discipline. This could be through internships, academic study, and training programs.
  • Promote the development and transfer of fisheries science and technology to SIDS for their economic and social benefit. This includes the capacity to explore, exploit, conserve and manage oceanic fish stocks.
  • Assist SIDS in implementing fisheries conservation and management obligations by collecting, reporting, verifying, and exchanging fisheries data and information
  • Improve SIDS monitoring, control and surveillance activities, including at sea. Methods include regional, sub-regional and bilateral arrangements, funding observer programs, and providing access to technology and equipment.
  • Support SIDS fishery industries to help them achieve maximum benefits from developing their fisheries resources. These should account for at least 50% of the total catch and value of oceanic fisheries, and increase local employment opportunities.
  • Support market access for SIDS fishery industries by promoting awareness of import conditions, eliminating trade barriers, and promoting activities that develop domestic fisheries-related businesses

Resolution

WCPFC reference
Brief summary of main measures
  • CCMs (developed members, cooperating non-members, and participating territories) should improve the ability of SIDS to develop their own fisheries, including on the high seas in the convention area
  • Developed CCMs shall make efforts to reduce or restructure their fleets to accommodate the aspirations of SIDS
  • Developed CCMs shall cooperate in investing in fishing vessels and related facilities in SIDS that assist the development on shore of domestic fisheries
  • CCMs commit to ensuring that SIDS’ domestic fishing and related industries account for a greater share of the benefit from the catch and value of oceanic fisheries by 2018, compared to 2008
  • When adopting CMMs, members and CCMs need to ensure that SIDS do not carry a disproportionate burden of conservation actions, and that measures improve the ability of SIDS to develop their own fisheries
  • Developed CCMs will ensure that CMMs do not constrain SIDS’ coastal processing and transhipment facilities, or associated vessels

Economics is more of a consideration than subsistence fishing, for foreign countries. Photo credit: Francisco Blaha