Compliance includes monitoring, control and surveillance.
The Pacific Community researchers, as part of OFMP2, have been trialling electronic reporting with observers and captains of fishing vessels. Electronic reporting using mobile devices provides a more efficient method for recording and reporting data than using paper-based forms. Hear what SPC’s Andrew Hunt says (41 secs).
Baseline research on illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing
A 2017 report describes the current status of IUU fishing:
- Much effort against IUU has occurred at national, sub-regional and regional levels. It has likely been highly effective at achieving its intended purpose and contributed to relatively low estimates of IUU in some categories.
- A study has indicated that much uncertainty still exists about IUU activity in some categories and more work is needed to strengthen incentives for voluntary compliance, reinforce deterrents to non-compliance and improve monitoring throughout the supply chain.
- FFA members are now consider the implications from the study.
- The EU, for access to the EU market, only requires that products were legally caught by the flag state concerned. It talks to a country if the European Commission feels the country is not living up to its obligations under its regulations, and issues a ‘yellow card’ if not enough is perceived as being done to improve a country’s legal and management frameworks to address IUU fishing. Fiji, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu have all been issued with EC ‘yellow cards’ and are working to address gaps.