The Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA) controls the world’s largest sustainable tuna purse-seine fishery. PNA countries provide around 50% of the global supply of skipjack tuna, the most commonly canned tuna.
PNA members are: Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.
The Parties to the Nauru Agreement especially emphasises monitoring of vessels through its Articles 2 and 3 (signed in 1982 and amended in 2010). These are summarised below.
The Parties seek a coordinated approach to the fishing of the common stocks in the Fisheries Zones by fishing vessels and, in particular:
- grant priority to applications by fishing vessels of the Parties to fish within the Fisheries Zones over other foreign fishing vessel
- set uniform terms and conditions under which the Parties may license fishing vessels to fish within the Fisheries Zones regarding:
- licensing of fishing vessels
- placing observers on fishing vessels
- maintaining a daily logbook of activities
- ensuring all licensed vessels report to authorities about their activities within the fishing zones
- standardising the identification of fishing vessels
- establish the uniform terms and conditions under which the Parties may license fishing vessels to fish within the Fisheries Zones, including:
- paying access fees
- supplying complete catch and effort data for each voyage
- providing additional information as required
- ensuring compliance of vessels.
The Parties seek to standardise their respective licensing procedures by:
- adopting uniform measures and procedures for the licensing of fishing vessels – including application formats, licensing formats and other relevant documents
- establishing a centralised licensing system of fishing vessels.
The PNA also specifically mentions control, monitoring and surveillance in its Article 6: “The Parties shall, where appropriate, cooperate and coordinate the monitoring and surveillance of fishing activities by”:
- arranging for the rapid exchange of information collected through national surveillance activities
- exploring the feasibility of joint surveillance
- developing other appropriate measures.
The second arrangement for implementing the Agreement states that the vessel operator and/or its state government will ensure that an electronic positioning monitoring and data transfer device is installed and maintained on the vessel.
The third arrangement for implementing the Agreement states that licensed vessel operators need to ensure that the Automatic Location Communicator is switched on and operating properly at all times. The communicator is also known as a Mobile Transmitting Unit.